Electrophoresis 18: 2803-2810 (1997)

Latex allergen database

Anton Posch (1), Zhiping Chen (1), Michael J. Dunn (2), Colin H. Wheeler (2), Arnd Petersen (3), Gerhard Leubner-Metzger (4), Xaver Baur (1)

(1) Research Institute for Occupational Medicine (BGFA), Bochum, Germany
(2) Cardiothoracic Surgery, National Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial College School of Medicine, Heart Science Venter, Harefield Hospital, Harefield, England
(3) Forschungszentrum Borstel, Division of Allergology, Germany
(4) Friedrich Miescher Institute, Box 2543, CH-4002 Basel, Switzerland

Received: 9 June 1997

Abstract. Two-dimensional (2-D) electrophoresis followed by immunoblotting and N-terminal protein microsequencing were used to characterize and identify the IgE-reactive proteins of Hevea latex that are the main cause of the latex type I allergy affecting especially health care workers and spina bifida children. This approach generated a comprehensive latex allergen database, which facilitated the integration of most of the latex allergen data presented in the literature. The major latex allergens Hev b 1, Hev b 3, Hev b 6 and Hev b 7 have been localized on our 2-D maps. Moreover, we were able to identify six previously undescribed IgE-binding latex proteins, namely enolase, superoxide dismutase, proteasome subunit C5, malate dehydrogenase, triosephosphate isomerase and endochitinase. The generated latex 2-D maps will provide valuable information to develop strategies for the isolation of the novel IgE binding proteins in order to study the frequency of sensitization among both risk groups. Detailed knowledge of all proteins involved in latex allergy will allow better diagnosis of latex allergy and to monitor the success of prevention strategies that are needed to reduce the high prevalence of latex allergy among both risk groups.

Hyperlinks to Latex Allergen Databases:
Latex Allergens
UK Latex Allergy Database
SDAP - Structural Database of Allergenic Proteins

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